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Home > Religious Festivals > Muslim Festivals
Muslim Festivals
Barah Wafat Haj Id-Ul-Azha
Id-Ul-Fitr Muharram
Muhammad, who is regarded as by his followers as the last Prophet, the Messenger of God, introduced Islam in the seventh century AD. Adherents of Islam believe that there is no God but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Prophet. All Muslims agree on the following five basic obligations for believers, which Sunnis term Arkan or the "Five Pillars of Islam" and Shia Muslims would consider to be elements of the Roots of Religion and the Branches of Religion.

Shahadah:

Testifying that there is none worthy of worship except God (Tawhid i.e. to assert the unity of God) and that Muhammad is his servant and messenger. It is the profession of faith in Allah.

Salat:

It states the performance of the five daily prayers. These are carried out while facing the direction Mecca.

Sawm:

Fasting from dawn to dusk in the month of Ramadan (9th month of the Islamic calendar) and Muslims abstain from drinking and sex in the daylight hours.

Zakat:

Giving alms.

Haj - MeccaHaj:

The Pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Hijjah (12th month of the Islamic calendar), which is compulsory once in a lifetime for every follower of Islam.

After Muhammad`s death in 632 AD, Muslim community got divided into two groups, Sunni and Shia. The Sunnis believed that the office of the Prophet was not hereditary and no one could claim to be its sole heir. The leader so chosen was called Khalifah, Caliph or the deputy. The Shias on the other hand, believed that the office of the deputy was confined to the family of the Prophet, and that also was not on the basis of election. The first successor, Ali (son-in-law of the Prophet) was nominated by the Prophet himself who in turn nominated his successors. They were called Imams. In this way 12 Imams came after one another.

The Quran is a sacred book of Islam. It comprises 114 surahs (chapters), the total of revelations believed to have been communicated to The Prophet Muhammad as a final expression of God`s will and purpose for man. Every Islamic believer is expected to learn the script and to read the text even if he does not understand its meaning in the original Arabic.

The Islamic calendar followed by the Muslims started on the Hijrah. The migration of the Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Madina in 622 AD is called Hijrah. The beginning of Hijrah 1407 corresponds to the Gregorian year 1987(January). The months of Hijrah year are: Muharram, Safar, Rabbi-ul-Awwal, Rabi-us-Sani, Jamad-ul-Awwal, Jamad-us-Sani, Rajab, Shaban, Ramzan, Shawwal, Zil Qaid and Zil-Hajj (Dhu al-Hijjah).

Islamic festivals mostly are religious. Muslims celebrate them in a quite manner. There are mass gatherings for Namaz (prayers).
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