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Home > Religious Festivals > Muslim Festivals > Id-Ul-Azha
Id-Ul-AzhaIt commemorates Hazrat Abraham’s sacrifice of his own son in obedience to a command of god. This is celebrated from the tenth to the twelfth day of Zil hijja ( Twelfth month of Islam ). It is, also called Bakr-id, Id-ul-Zuha and is a festival of great rejoice. It also marks the completion of Haj (pilgrimage to Mecca). The day also coincides with the day when the holy Quran was declared complete.

He had been put to a dreadful test by God. He was asked to sacrifice whatever was dearest to him and he decided to sacrifice the life of his son, Ismail. Thus, he blindfolded himself, so that his paternal affection should not interfere with his duty. He sacrificed his own son at Mina near Mecca. But, after opening his folds, he found his son alive and a slain ram at the altar. It was revealed to him that this was meant only to test his faith, and it was enough, if instead he sacrifices only a ram in the name of Allah.

On Bakr-id, the Muslims go to the mosques in the morning to offer prayers to Allah. On this day, special `Dua` (prayer) is recited by thousands of Muslims for peace and prosperity. The wealthy are expected to sacrifice one animal per family and distribute two-thirds of the meat among poor. Those who cannot afford it, one animal per family can be offered. Very poor, seven or seventy families together offer one animal. A full-grown camel, cow, goat or sheep, free from disease, is considered the best offering. The sacrifice can be offered at any time before the afternoon of the third day. In India, too, goats and sheep are sacrificed all over the country and prayers are offered.

Wishing Id MubarakIt is day for feasting. Special delicacies are prepared and served among family and friends on the occasion. People wish Id Mubarak to each other on this day. Women apply mehndi (henna) and deck themselves out in their finest ornaments. Special prayers and exchange of greetings and gifts mark the Id-ul-Zuha (Bakrid). This is a festival of sacrifice, celebrated with traditional fervour and gaiety in India.

The animal sacrifices made during Bakr-Id are mainly to provide food to the poor and to commemorate the noble act of Ibrahim. This spirit of sacrifice is what truly underlines the spirit of Bakr-Id.

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